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Domestic disputes are some of the most common calls for police service.
Many domestic disputes do not involve violence; this guide discusses those that do, as well as the measures that can be used to reduce them.
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Police typically view these calls as dangerous, partly because old research exaggerated the risks to police.
Domestic violence is but one aspect of the larger set of problems related to family violence.
Researchers agree that women suffer the lion’s share of injuries from domestic violence. Women living as partners with other women report lower rates of violence (11 percent) compared to women who live with or were married to men (30 percent).About 8 percent of men living with or married to women report that they were physically abused by the women.
About 15 percent of men cohabitating with men reported victimization by a male partner.
† From 1994 through 2001, the rate of every major violent and property crime also steeply declined: homicide/manslaughter (down 40 percent); rape/sexual assault (down 56 percent); robbery (down 53 percent); aggravated assault (down 56 percent); simple assault (down 46 percent); household burglary (down 51 percent); motor vehicle theft (down 52 percent); theft (down 47 percent). Domestic violence homicides have declined in similar proportions as well.
In the United States, there were about half the number of intimate partner homicides (spouses, ex-spouses, boyfriends, and girlfriends) in 2002 as there were in 1976 with the largest portion of the decline in male victims (see). Some commentators suggest that the decline in homicides may be evidence that abused women have developed legitimate ways to leave their relationships (e.g., divorce, shelters, police, and courts).
Domestic violence tends to be underreported: women report only one-quarter to one-half of their assaults to police, men perhaps less.The vast majority of physical assaults are not life threatening; rather, they involve pushing, slapping, and hitting.Most women victims of domestic violence do not seek medical treatment, even for injuries deserving of it. Surveys provide us with estimates of the level of domestic violence in the United States, but there are wide differences among them depending on the definitions of domestic violence used and populations surveyed.Two large surveys provide some insight into the level of domestic violence in the United States. The survey attempts to capture two types of crime, victimization that was reported to the police and victimization that was not reported to the police. ††† The NCVS, administered by census workers as part of a crime survey, does not conduct all of its interviews in private because all members of the household are interviewed for different portions of the survey; also in contrast, the NVAWS survey uses more questions to screen for intimate violence, perhaps drawing out more from those interviewed.
The first, the National Violence Against Women Survey (NVAWS), conducted in 1995 and1996, found that nearly one in four women and nearly one in 13 men surveyed experienced rape and/or physical assault by a current or former spouse/partner/dating partner at some time in their lifetime, with about one and one-half percent of women and about one percent of men having been so victimized in the 12 months before the survey.The National Crime Victimization Survey’s (NCVS) estimates, however, are about one-third lower for women and more than two-thirds lower for men. Even the lower numbers of the NCVS suggest that intimate partner violence in the United States is extensive. “Characteristics of Participants in Domestic Violence: Assessment at the Scene of Domestic Assault.” JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 277(17):1369-1373.
Related problems not directly addressed in this guide, each of which requires separate analysis, include: † Much of the recent research about domestic violence refers to the problem as “intimate partner violence.” Mostly this guide keeps to the term domestic violence, not because it is more accurate, but simply because it is still so widely used by police. "Domestic Violence in Australia—an Overview of the Issues, E-Brief." Available at gov.au/library/intguide/SP/Dom_violence. Charlotte-Mecklenburg (North Carolina) Police Department (2002). "Baker One Domestic Violence Intervention Project: Improving Response to Chronic Domestic Violence Victims." Finalist for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.
Also in this guide, the term domestic violence is intended to include violence perpetrated by current and former intimates or dating partners, including those of the opposite or same sex. 922(g) and (n), 27 CFR 178.32(a) and (b), and 924(a)(24). Thousand Oaks, London, and New Delhi: SAGE Publications.
Of those, 24 percent (56 officers) were slain during a domestic disturbance.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating